Legal systems of the Galaxy

The various legal systems used by sovereign states and national subdivisions are generally based on one of four basic systems: civil law (also known as Olympian or Tylan law), common law (also known as Mechyrdian law), scientific law (also known as Fulkreyksk law), and various forms of religious law (such as Vargetan law or Aedonic law).

Comparison of legal systems

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Secular forms Civil law Common law Scientific law
Other names Olympian, Varannian, Neo-Roman, Germanic, Gothic, judicial dominance Mechyrdian, Anglic, judicial precedent Thedish, Fulkreyksk, (pejorative) pseudoscientific law
Source of law Legislation Legislation and judicial precedent Legislation
Status of lawyers Lawyers defend their clients in trials that are dominated by judges Judges preside over trials as nonpartisan referees, while lawyers present their case Judges write the script that lawyers read from; this script invariably involves admission of guilt on behalf of the defendant, followed by the sentencing of the defendant
Status of judges Judges have separate qualifications from lawyers, and are appointed by executive Judges must be qualified as lawyers, and are then appointed by executive or elected by legislature or populace Judges are selected from the bureaucracy
Status of juries Sometimes advise the judge at various levels Are the ultimate decision-makers in the final verdict, with the exception of Imperial Arbitration where they merely advise the Council Do not exist
Power to make policy Courts enforce policy, they do not make it Courts may make policy as judicial precedent, which may be overridden by legislation Courts enforce policy, they do not make it
Examples Tylan Republic; Olympia, Varannia, Texandria, and Angrivar sectors of Mechyrdia; Ilkhan Republic, Niska Republic, Isarnareykk and other Fulkreyksk successor states Empire of Mechyrdia, Chaebodes Star Empire Fulkreyksk Authoritariat
Religious forms Vargetan law Canon law Aedonic law
Other names Old Tylan, Lihannic New Catholic Dark, Ruinous, Nefandous
Source of law Divine revelation, degree of the Vargesra Eilag Human interpretation of divine revelation Dark revelation, decree of the shamans
Status of lawyers Lawyers are replaced by psychic seers who divine the true guilt of the defendant Lawyers play same role as in civil law, but must also receive theological education Lawyers do not exist
Status of judges Judges are replaced by the same psychic seers that replace lawyers Judges play same role as in civil law, but must also receive theological education Varies based on the locality: either judges are selected from among the shamans, or from the local khanate nobility
Status of juries Juries are selected randomly from the populace, and are meant to keep the questionably-sane psychic seers grounded in reality. Sometimes advise the judge at various levels Juries serve as an audience to heckle the defendant
Power to make policy Divine revelations in court sessions may affect policy Courts enforce policy, they do not make it Courts enforce policy, they do not make it
Examples Tylan Theocracy Mont Imperial, planet within the Olympia sector of Mechyrdia Arkant Horde, Diadochus Masra Draetsen